For centuries, the municipality of Avers which was settled by the Walser community, who travelled there from the Tessin region – was fairly much the «forgotten valley». The gorge of the Avers Rhine prevented contact with the northern part of Graubünden. Only the building of a road lifted the «Fastydi» from the population, which is the local dialect word for «worries and woes». Since then the inhabitants of Avers have been able to access the north. However 22 of them still live in the most remote hamlet Juf, at 2,126 metres it is the highest permanently occupied settlement in Europe.