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Was Flurnamen verraten
Was Flurnamen verraten
The word "glass" does not indicate the abundant occurrence of water-bright, crystal-clear quartz on the Piz Beverin, but is rooted in the Latin clausum, which means "closed", "enclosure". There are different theories about the origin of the name. The name of the field could come from the former owner of the lands on Heinzenberg, the monastery cazis. Because the so-called bus times in the church year, Lent and Advent, are referred to as "closed time". Another theory is that the name refers to the enclosure for livestock, i.e. the fencing of livestock to prevent them from escaping. This theory would also explain the origin of the name before the time of walser immigration.
From name names you can learn a lot about the landscape and its former inhabitants. Because often names were initially only words, such as Büel, which in the vocabulary of the Alemanni was the name for the terrain form "hill / hill / ridge". Tied to a place, it was then fixed as a field name; here for Hoch Büel.
The place name Tschappina also tells us what the landscape here must have looked like in the past. Tschappina comes from the Romanesque tscheppa, which means "scrub/thicket". This indicates that this place used to be very densely forested here. The ending -ina derives from the Latin acer and means "maple", with plurality the set ending -ina is appended to a word. This suggests that there used to be a maple forest here.
The name Carnusa, from Carnusahorn, Carnusa Valley and Alp Carnusa is also derived from the Latin Carduus "thistle". Alp Carnusa therefore means "thorny, thistle alp".
The origin of the name of the Piz Beverin is not so clear; there are different theories. In Latin, bavorium stands for "cattle/ox". This could be an allusion to the double peaks of Piz Beverin, which look like two horns. Or it could come from bovaricium, which means "ox pasture". On the Ochsalpen and -weiden the draught animals were treated to a short alpine stay after the ploughing season and after the Hayet. According to this theory, the oxen grazed below the Piz Beverin. A third theory is that Beverin is derived from the Italian baverino "the tip with the small collar". Because it used to be said: "If a collar is visible around the mountain, storms threaten!" The Romanesque name Piz stands for «summit», «peak». The Walser simply say "ds Hoora".
The name researchers agree on the origin of the names of the two neighbors of the Piz Beverin; the Zwöfli and Einshorn. The two peaks were named after the fact that the sun used to stand above the Zwölfihorn at twelve o'clock and over the Einshorn at one o'clock as seen from the village square in Chalina. In the summer time, it is one hour earlier above the peaks.
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